VCP Exam questions 2016
Robert's inspiration database of questions for the exam 2016
I will be very much inspired by these questions when writing the multiple choice portion of the exam.
Be aware (beware):
- The phrasing of the questions might change
- The selectable answers might change completely
- Some questions are forever (?) missing the image (exhibit)
- Q1 to Q50 are checked for missing image, the rest of the questions does not even have a hint that the picture is missing (:-(
HINT: Learn the area the questions is about;
not just string-matching of right answer to right question
~200 Multiple Choice Questions
QUESTION 0 An administrator is planning a vSphere infrastructure with the following specific networking requirements:
- The ability to shape inbound (RX) traffic
- Support for Private VLANs (PVLANs)
- Support for LLDP (Link Layer Discovery Protocol)
What is the minimum vSphere Edition that will support these requirements?
- vSphere Essentials Plus
- vSphere Standard
- vSphere Enterprise
- vSphere Enterprise Plus
QUESTION 1 An administrator is creating a new Content Library. It will subscribe to another remote Content Library without authentication enabled. What information from the published library will they need in order to complete the subscription? A. Subscription URL B. A security password from the publishing Content Library C. Publisher's Items.json file D. Username from the publishing Content Library QUESTION 2 An administrator is assigning a user the Content Library administrator role. The user will only be creating the library for a single vCenter Server. What is the lowest level of the permission hierarchy that this role can be granted to the user and still allow them to create a Content Library? A. Global B. Datacenter Folder C. Virtual Center D. Datacenter QUESTION 3 A user notifies an administrator that Content Libraries are not visible. What is a possible solution? A. Assign the user the read-only role at the global permission level. B. Assign the user the read-only role at the vCenter Server root level. C. Assign the user the read-only role at the vCenter Server data center level. D. Assign the user the read-only role at the vCenter Server cluster level. QUESTION 4 When a Content Library is deleted, what happens to the files contained on the backing storage? A. The files will be unchanged. B. The files will be deleted. C. The files will remain and be marked as orphaned. D. The containing folder will be marked as orphaned. QUESTION 5 Which three connection types are supported between a remote site and vCloud Air? '''(Choose three.)''' A. Secure Internet Connectivity B. Private Connect C. Direct Connect D. Internet Connectivity E. Secure VPN QUESTION 6 An administrator subscribes to the vCloud Air Disaster Recovery service. Which replicated objects can be directly monitored and managed? A. Virtual machine Snapshots B. vApps C. Virtual machines D. ESXi Hosts QUESTION 7
Refer to the Exhibit. An administrator is adding an Active Directory over LDAP Identity Source for vCenter Single Sign-On, as indicated in the Exhibit. What is the correct value to configure for the Domain alias? A. The domain's NetBIOS name. B. The fully qualified domain name. C. vsphere.local D. A user defined label. QUESTION 8
Refer to the Exhibit. An administrator is changing the settings on a vSphere Distributed Switch (vDS). During this process, theESXi Management IP address is set to an address which can no longer communicate with the vCenter Server. What is the most likely outcome of this action? A. The host will disconnect from the vCenter Server and remain disconnected. B. The host will automatically detect the communication issue and revert the change. C. The host will stay connected with the change, but show an alert. D. The host will disconnect and migrate the vDS port group to a standard switch. QUESTION 9 Which secondary Private VLAN (PVLAN) type can communicate and send packets to an Isolated PVLAN? A. Community B. Isolated C. Promiscuous D. Primary QUESTION 10 Which three traffic types can be configured for dedicated VMkernel adapters? '''(Choose three.)''' A. Discovery traffic B. vMotion traffic C. vSphere Replication NFC traffic D. Provisioning traffic E. vSphere Custom traffic QUESTION 11 What are two limitations of Link Aggregation Control Protocol (LACP) on a vSphere Distributed Switch? '''(Choose two.)''' A. IP Hash load balancing is not a supported Teaming Policy. B. Software iSCSI multipathing is not compatible. C. Link Status Network failover detection must be disabled. D. It does not support configuration through Host Profiles. QUESTION 12 Which two features are deprecated in Network I/O Co ntrol 3 (NIOC3)? (Choose two.) A. Class Of Service (COS) Tagging B. Bandwidth Allocation C. User-defined network resource pools D. Admission control QUESTION 13 An administrator runs the command esxcli storage core device list and sees the following output: mpx.vmhba1:C0:T0:L0 Display Name: RAID 5 (mpx.vmhba1:C0:T0:L0) Has Settable Display Name: false Size: 40960 Device Type: Direct-Access Multipath Plugin: NMP Devfs Path: /vmfs/devices/disks/mpx.vmhba1:C0:T0:L0 Status: off Is Local: true What can be determined by this output? A. The device is a being used for vFlash Read Cache. B. The device is in a Permanent Device Loss (PDL) state. C. The device is a local Solid State Device (SSD). D. The device is in an All Paths Down (APD) state. QUESTION 14 What are two use cases for Fibre Channel Zoning in a vSphere environment? (Choose two.) A. Increases the number of targets presented to an ESXi host. B. Controls and isolates paths in a fabric. C. Controls and isolates paths to an NFS share. D. Can be used to separate different environments. QUESTION 15 Which two considerations should an administrator keep in mind when booting from Software Fiber Channelover Ethernet (FCoE)? (Choose two.) A. Software FCoE boot configuration can be changed from within ESXi. B. Software FCoE boot firmware cannot export information in FBFT format. C. Multipathing is not supported at pre-boot. D. Boot LUN cannot be shared with other hosts even on shared storage. QUESTION 16 An administrator notices that there is an all paths down (APD) event occurring for the software FCoE storage. What is a likely cause? A. Spanning Tree Protocol is enabled on the network ports. B. Spanning Tree Protocol is disabled on the network ports. C. Spanning Tree Protocol is enabled on the storage processors. D. Spanning Tree Protocol is disabled on the storage processors. QUESTION 17 Which two statements are true regarding iSCSI adapters? '''(Choose two.)''' A. Software iSCSI adapters require vmkernel networking. B. Independent Hardware iSCSI adapters offload processing from the ESXi host. C. Dependent Hardware iSCSI adapters do not require vmkernel networking. D. Independent Hardware iSCSI adapters require vmkernel networking. QUESTION 18 An administrator is configuring virtual machines to use Worldwide Port Names (WWPNs) to access the storage. Which two conditions are required? '''(Choose two.)''' A. The switches in the fabric must be N-Port ID Virtualization aware. B. The virtual machines must be using passthrough Raw Disk Mapping (RDMp). C. The virtual machines must be using Virtual Machine Disk (VMDK). D. The switches in the fabric must be Storage I/O Control aware. QUESTION 19 Which two statements are true regarding VMFS3 volumes in ESXi 6.x? '''(Choose two.)''' A. Creation of VMFS3 volumes is unsupported. B. Upgrading VMFS3 volumes to VMFS5 is supported. C. Existing VMFS3 volumes are unsupported. D. Upgrading VMFS3 volumes to VMFS5 is unsupported. QUESTION 20 Which three statements are correct regarding Fibre Channel over Ethernet (FCOE)? '''(Choose three.)''' A. The network switch must have Priority-based Flow Control (PFC) set to AUTO. B. The network switch must have Priority-based Flow Control (PFC) set to ON. C. Each port on the FCoE card must reside on the same vSwitch. D. Each port on the FCoE card must reside on a separate vSwitch. E. The ESXi host will require a reboot after moving an FCoE card to a different vSwitch. --------------------- QUESTION 21 Which two statements are true regarding Virtual SAN Fault Domains? (Choose two.) A. They enable Virtual SAN to tolerate the failure of an entire physical rack. B. Virtual SAN ensures that no two replicas are provisioned on the same domain. C. Virtual SAN ensures that all replicas are provisioned on the same domain. D. They require VMware High Availability (HA) to ensure component distribution across domains. QUESTION 22 An administrator created a six node Virtual SAN cluster, created a fault domain, and moved three of the six nodes into that domain. A node that is a member of the fault domain fails. What is the expected result? A. The remaining two fault domain members are treated as failed. B. The remaining two fault domain members stay protect ed by the domain. C. One of the non-member nodes will be automatically added to the fault domain. D. VMware High Availability will restart virtual machines on remaining nodes in the domain. QUESTION 23 Where is a Virtual SAN Fault Domain configured? A. VMware Virtual SAN Cluster configuration B. VMware High Availability Cluster configuration C. Distributed Resource Scheduler configuration D. Datacenter Advanced Settings configuration QUESTION 24 Which statement is true for the Path Selection Plug-In VMW_PSP_MRU? A. VMW_PSP_MRU is default for a majority of active-active and active-passive arrays. B. VMW_PSP_MRU will remain on the selected path even if the state were to change. C. VMW_PSP_MRU is recommended for Virtual SAN. D. VMW_PSP_MRU will have no preferred path setting for the Plug-In. QUESTION 25 Which two tasks does the Pluggable Storage Architecture (PSA) perform? (Choose two.) A. Handles I/O queueing to the logical devices. B. Handles physical path discovery, but is not involved in the removal. C. Handles physical path discovery and removal. D. Handles I/O queueing to FC storage HBAs. QUESTION 26 Which two statements are true regarding Storage Multipathing Plug-Ins? (Choose two.) A. The default Path Selection Policy is VMW_PSP_MRU for iSCSI or FC devices. B. The default Path Selection Policy is VMW_PSP_FIXED for iSCSI or FC devices. C. VMW_PSP_MRU is typically selected for ALUA arrays by default. D. VMW_PSP_FIXED is typically selected for ALUA arrays by default. QUESTION 27 What is the command to list multipathing modules on an ESXi 6.x host? A. esxcli storage core list plugin --plugin-class=MP B. esxcli storage core list plugin --class-plugin=MP C. esxcli storage core plugin list --plugin-class=MP D. esxcli storage core plugin list --class-plugin=MP QUESTION 28 Which two solutions require Physical Mode Raw Devic e Mapping (RDM)? (Choose two.) A. Direct access to the storage array device B. Virtual Machine Snapshots C. Hardware Acceleration D. Guest Clustering across ESXi hosts QUESTION 29 A device's vStorage API for Array Integration (VAAI) support status command line output shows: naa.500253825002a865 VAAI Plugin Name: ATS Status: unsupported Clone Status: unsupported Zero Status: supported Delete Status: unsupported What is the corresponding VAAI support status in the vSphere Web Client? A. Unknown B. Supported C. Not supported D. Unsupported QUESTION 30
Refer to the Exhibit. What will be the result of selecting the highlighted device? A. Datastore will grow up to 200.01GB using the remaining free space on the device. B. Datastore will add 200.01GB by adding the device as a second extent. C. The device size can be expanded to be larger than 200.01 GB in size. D. The device is not suitable for this operation. QUESTION 31 An administrator observes that virtual machine storage activity on an ESXi 6.x host is negatively affecting virtual machine storage activity on another host that is accessing the same VMFS Datastore. Which action would mitigate the issue? A. Enable Storage IO Control. B. Configure Storage DRS. C. Enable the Dynamic Queue Depth Throttling option. D. Configure the Disk.SchedNumReqOutstanding parameter. QUESTION 32 An administrator is having a problem configuring St orage I/O Control on a Datastore. Which two conditions could explain the issue? (Choose two.) A. A host is running ESXi 4.0. B. An ESXi host does not have appropriate licensing. C. The vCenter Server version is 5.0. D. The vCenter Server License is Standard. QUESTION 33 Which three are requirements for configuring Storag e I/O Control (SIOC)? (Choose three.) A. The datastore must consist of only one extent. B. The datastore is managed by a single vCenter Serv er. C. Auto-tiered storage must be compatable with SIOC. D. Auto-tiered storage must be SSD or SATA. E. The datastore must be VMFS. QUESTION 34
Refer to the Exhibit. An administrator wishes to provide Load Balanced I/ O for the device shown in the Exhibit. To meet this requirement, which setting should be c hanged? A. Storage Array Type Policy = VMW_NMP_RR B. Path Selection Policy = Round Robin (VMware) C. Storage Array Type Policy = VMW_SATP_RR D. Path Selection Policy = MRU (VMware) QUESTION 35
EXHIBIT: [root@esxi-dell5:~] esxcli storage nmp psp roundrobin deviceconfig set --useano=0 -d naa.600000e00d11000000111cd2000f0000
Refer to the Exhibit. An administrator is configuring a storage device as shown in the Exhibit. What is the expected effect on the stated device after running the command? A. I/O will rotate on all storage targets regardless of port group state. B. I/O will rotate on all storage targets that are Active Optimized state only. C. I/O will rotate on all storage targets that are Active Unoptimized state only. D. I/O will rotate on all storage targets that are on Available Nodes only. QUESTION 36 An administrator is upgrading an ESXi 5.5 host to E SXi 6.x and gets the following error: MEMORY_SIZE What does this indicate? A. Insufficient memory on the ESXi host to complete the upgrade. B. Insufficient memory for Auto Deploy to complete t he upgrade. C. Insufficient memory in vCenter Server to complete the upgrade. D. Insufficient memory for Update Manager to complet e the upgrade. QUESTION 37 An administrator is upgrading an ESXi host from 5.5 to 6.0 and runs the following command: esxcli software vib list --rebooting-image What does this command show? A. VIBs active after a reboot. B. VIBs that require a reboot. C. VIBs that are in the boot image. D. VIBs that are third-party. QUESTION 38 An administrator is performing a silent automatic u pdate of VMware Tools on a Windows virtual machine. What syntax needs to be entered into the Advanced O ptions box? A. /s /v "/qn" /l "c:\Windows\filename.log" B. --prefix=/usr/local,/usr/lib,/usr/doc --silent C. --prefix=c:\Windows,c:\VMtools --silent D. /fs /v "/qn+" /l "c:\Windows\filename.log" QUESTION 39 An administrator is writing a kickstart script to u pgrade an ESXi 6.x host. In which three locations can the script reside? (Ch oose three.) A. NFS B. USB C. HTTP D. TFTP E. PXE QUESTION 40 Which file determines the location of the installat ion script during a scripted upgrade? A. boot.cfg B. ks.cfg C. script.cfg D. upgrade.cfg QUESTION 41 What three supported methods can be used to upgrade a host from ESXi 5.x to ESXi 6.x? (Choose three.) A. vSphere Update Manager B. vihostupdate C. esxcli D. vSphere Auto Deploy E. esxupdate QUESTION 42 Which two supported tools can be used to upgrade vi rtual machine hardware? (Choose two.) A. vSphere Web Client B. vSphere Update Manager C. vmware-vmupgrade.exe D. esxcli vm hardware upgrade QUESTION 43 What are three recommended prerequisites before upg rading virtual machine hardware? (Choose three.) A. Create a backup or snapshot of the virtual machin e. B. Upgrade VMware Tools to the latest version. C. Verify that the virtual machine is stored on VMFS3, VMFS5, or NFS datastores. D. Detach all CD-ROM/ISO images from the virtual mac hines. E. Set the Advanced Parameter virtualHW.version = 11 QUESTION 44 An administrator is upgrading vCenter Server and se es this error: The DB User entered does not have the required perm issions needed to install and configure vCenter Server with the selected DB. Please correct the fol lowing error(s): %s Which two statements explain this error? (Choose tw o.) A. The database is set to an unsupported compatibility mode. B. The permissions for the database are incorrect. C. The permissions for vCenter Server are incorrect. D. The database server service has stopped. QUESTION 45 Which two vCenter Server services are migrated auto matically as part of an upgrade from a Distributed vCenter Server running 5.x? (Choose two.) A. vCenter Single Sign-on Service B. vSphere Web Client C. vSphere Inventory Service D. Storage Policy Based Management QUESTION 46 What command line utility can be used to upgrade an ESXi host? A. esxcli B. esxupdate C. vihostupdate D. esxcfg QUESTION 47 Which log file would you examine to identify an iss ue which occurred during the pre-upgrade phase of a vCenter Server upgrade process? A. vcdb_req.out B. vcdb_export.out C. vcdb_import.out D. vcdb_inplace.out QUESTION 48 Which three statements are true when restoring a Re source Pool Tree? (Choose three.) A. Distributed Resource Scheduler must be set to man ual. B. Restoring a snapshot can only be done on the same cluster from which it was taken. C. No other resource pools can be present in the clu ster. D. Restoring a resource pool tree must be done in th e vSphere Web Client. E. Enabling Enhanced vMotion Compatibility on the cl uster is required. QUESTION 49 An administrator has created a resource pool named Marketing HTTP with a Memory Limit of 24 GB and a CPU Limit of 10,000 MHz. The Marketing HTTP resource pool contains three vir tual machines: What would happen if all three virtual machines are powered on? A. All three virtual machines can power on, but will have memory contention. B. All three virtual machines can power on without m emory contention. C. Only two of the three virtual machines can power on. D. Only one of the virtual machines can power on. QUESTION 50
+------------------+ | DRS Cluster | | 12 GB RAM | +------------------+ | +----------------------------------------------+ | Resource Pool: TestDev | | Expandable Memory Reservation: 8 GB | +----------------------------------------------+ | | +------------------------------------------+ +------------------------------------------+ | Resource Pool: Test | | Resource Pool: Dev | | Expandable Memory Reservation: 1 GB | | Expandable Memory Reservation: 4 GB | +------------------------------------------+ +------------------------------------------+ | | | | +-------------------+ +-------------------+ +-------------------+ +-------------------+ | Test-VM1 | | Test-VM2 | | Dev-VM1 | | Dev-VM2 | | Memory | | Memory | | Memory | | Memory | | Reservation: 1 GB | | Reservation: 1 GB | | Reservation: 2 GB | | Reservation: 2 GB | | Powered On | | Powered Off | | Powered On | | Powered Off | +-------------------+ +-------------------+ +-------------------+ +-------------------+
Refer to the Exhibit. An administrator has configured a vSphere 6.x DRS cluster as shown in the Exhibit. Based on the exhibit, which statement is true? A. A virtual machine can be powered on in the Test Resource Pool with a 6 GB Memory Reservation. B. A virtual machine can be powered on in the Dev Resource Pool with a 8 GB Memory Reservation. C. A virtual machine from both the Test Resource Pool and the Dev Resource Pool can be powered on with a 4 GB Memory Reservation. D. No more virtual machines can be powered on due to insufficient resources. QUESTION 51
+----------------------------------------+ | DRS Cluster | +----------------------------------------+ | | +------------------------------------------+ +------------------------------------------+ | Resource Pool: Production | | Resource Pool: Test | | CPU Shares: HIGH | | CPU Shares: LOW | +------------------------------------------+ +------------------------------------------+ | | | | +-------------------+ +--------------------+ +-------------------+ +--------------------+ | Prod-VM1 | | Prod-VM2 | | Test-VM1 | | Test-VM2 | | CPU Shares: HIGH | | CPU Shares: NORMAL | | CPU Shares: HIGH | | CPU Shares: NORMAL | | 1 vCPU | | 1 vCPU | | 1 vCPU | | 1 vCPU | | Powered On | | Powered On | | Powered On | | Powered On | +-------------------+ +--------------------+ +-------------------+ +--------------------+
Refer to the Exhibit. An administrator has created the DRS cluster shown in the Exhibit. Based on the exhibit, which statement is true? A. Under CPU contention, Prod-VM1 receives four time s the CPU resources than Test-VM1. B. The Prod-VM1 will always have more CPU resources than all other virtual machines. C. The Test-VM2 will always have less CPU resources than all other virtual machines. D. Under CPU contention, Test-VM1 will receive 25% o f the total CPU resources. QUESTION 52 VMware vSphere Replication protects virtual machine s from partial or complete site failures by replica ting the virtual machines between which three sites? (Ch oose three.) A. From a source site to a target site. B. From within a single site from one cluster to ano ther. C. From multiple source sites to a shared remote tar get site. D. From a single source site to multiple remote targ et sites. E. From multiple source sites to multiple remote tar get sites. QUESTION 53 Which two capabilities does the vSphere Replication Client Plug-in provide? (Choose two.) A. Configure connections between vSphere Replication S ites. B. Deploy and register additional vSphere Replication Servers. C. Reconfigure the vSphere Replication Server. D. Configure an external database for a vSphere Repl ication Site. QUESTION 54 A vSphere Replication user needs to connect a sourc e site to a target site. What privilege is needed at both sites? A. VRM remote.Manage VRM B. VRM datastore mapper.Manage C. Host.vSphere Replication.Manage replication D. Virtual machine.vSphere Replication.Manage replicat ion QUESTION 55 Which three parameters should be considered when ca lculating the bandwidth for vSphere Replication? (Choose three.) A. Data change rate B. Traffic rates C. Link speed D. Application type E. Hardware type QUESTION 56 When importing an existing SSL certificate into vSp here Replication Server, which file format is requi red? A. PKCS#12 B. DER C. PEM D. PKCS#7 QUESTION 57 Which keystore would a vSphere Replication administ rator use to manually add an additional Certificate Authority certificate? A. hms-truststore.jks B. hms-keystore.jks C. certificates.ks D. cacerts.ks QUESTION 58 What is the maximum number of snapshot instances in vSphere Replication that can be configured to recover a virtual machine at a specific point in ti me? A. 16 B. 24 C. 48 D. 72 QUESTION 59 What is the compression algorithm used by vSphere R eplication to compress data at the source? A. FastLZ B. Lz4 C. Lzr D. Lzx QUESTION 60
Refer to the Exhibit. A vSphere 6.x environment is configured with VMware Virtual Volumes (VVOLs). An administrator accesses the cluster Actions menu, as shown in the Exhibit. Which option is used to create a VVOL on an existin g VVOL container? A. Storage B. Deploy OVF Template C. New vApp D. Settings QUESTION 61
Refer to the Exhibit. What will be created upon completion of the steps in this wizard? A. 5000 GB VMFS5 datastore with free space available for expansion B. 5000 GB VMFS5 datastore with free space available for a second datastore C. 5000 GB VMFS3 datastore D. 10.03 TB VMFS5 datastore QUESTION 62
Refer to the Exhibit. An administrator is attempting to enable Enhanced vMotion Compatibility (EVC), but receives the error shown in the Exhibit. Which condition would explain the error? A. The ESXi hosts are not licensed for EVC. B. The administrator does not have privileges to enable EVC. C. The ESXi host CPU has the Intel No-Execute feature disabled. D. The administrator has turned on Intel Virtualization Technology. QUESTION 63
Refer to the Exhibit. The list of devices attached to vmhba1 will be the basis for configuring a VMware Virtual SAN using Manual Mode. Based on the exhibit, which two combinations of devices should be used to create Disk Group(s)? (Choose two.) A. One Disk Group with one Flash Drive and three HDDs B. Two Disk Groups with one Flash Drive and two HDDs each C. One Disk Group with one Flash Drive and four HDDs D. Two Disk Groups with two Flash Drives and four HDDs each QUESTION 64 An administrator is unable to start the vCenter Server service. The vpxd.log file shows this service failure: [13308 error 'Default' opID=622892-371bf717] CoreDump: Unable to write minidump [13308 error 'Default' opID=622892-371bf717] error -2147024784 : There is not enough space on the disk. What is preventing the start of the service? A. Insufficient space on the vCenter Server B. Insufficient space on the Database Server C. Insufficient space on the VMFS volume D. Insufficient space on the ESXi ramdisk QUESTION 65 After deploying a vSphere Platform Services Control ler (PSC), an administrator is unable to install vC enter Server. The error displayed is: Could not contact Lookup Service. Please check VM_s soreg.log. Which two actions can be taken to correct this prob lem? (Choose two.) A. Verify that the clocks on the host machines running the PSC, vCenter Server, and the vSphere Web Client are synchronized. B. Configure a valid Identity Source for the Platfor m Services Controller in the vSphere Web Client. C. Ensure that there is no firewall blocking port 74 44 between the PSC and vCenter Server. D. Uninstall and reinstall the Platform Services Con troller software. QUESTION 66 Which condition would cause a vCenter Server instal lation to fail when installing on a Windows virtual machine? A. The virtual machine does not have at least four v CPUs. B. The virtual machine is running Windows Server 200 8. C. The virtual machine has an E1000 network device. D. The virtual machine does not have 16GB of RAM. QUESTION 67 Which three ports are used by the vSphere Web Clien t when connecting directly to an ESXi 6.x host? (Choose three.) A. 443 TCP B. 902 TCP and UDP C. 903 TCP D. 5480 TCP E. 9443 TCP and UDP QUESTION 68 When attempting to connect to a vCenter Server, an administrator observes the following at the top of the vSphere Web Client: Could not connect to one or more vCenter Server Sys tems:https://vCenter.corp.com:443/sdk What three reasons could be preventing the vSphere Web Client from communicating with this vCenter Server? (Choose three.) A. The vCenter Server machine is not responding via the network. B. An incorrect entry for this vCenter Server exists in the Single Sign-On service. C. The SSL certificates do not match the FQDN addres s for the server. D. The Platform Services Controller is external to t his vCenter Server. E. The DNS entry for the vCenter Server is incorrect . QUESTION 69 An administrator wants to allow users to login to t he vSphere Web Client using the Use Windows session authentication check box for faster authentication. Which three requirements must be met for this featu re to be available and functional? (Choose three.) A. Install the vSphere Web Client Integration browse r plug-in on the vCenter Server and Platform Servic es Controller machines. B. Install the vSphere Web Client Integration browse r plug-in on each workstation from where a user wil l sign in. C. The users must be signed into Windows using Activ e Directory user accounts. D. The administrator must create a valid Identity So urce in Single Sign-On for the users domain. E. The administrator must create a valid Single Sign -On Identity Source using Integrated Windows Authentication. QUESTION 70 An administrator is unable to see performance stati stics for only the Past Week performance data. The vCenter Server is using a Microsoft SQL Server Data base. What are three likely causes contributing to this i ssue? (Choose three.) A. Performance statistics are turned off. B. The Past Day rollup job is not present. C. The stats_rollup_1_proc is not present. D. The VMware Performance Charts Service is stopped. E. The JDBC URL is incorrect in the vcdb.properties file. QUESTION 71 An ESXi 6.x host in the vCenter Server inventory ha s disconnected due to an All Paths Down (APD) situation. An administrator has corrected the APD i ssue on the host, but it still remains disconnected . What action should the administrator take next? A. Select Restart Management Agents from the DCUI. B. Execute esxcli system settings advanced set -d /S csi/FailVMIOonAPD. C. Modify the advanced parameter /Disk/ApdTokenRetry Count. D. Enable the advanced parameter /Misc/APDHandlingEn able. QUESTION 72 An administrator notices that the time on an ESXi 6 .x host is incorrect. Which two actions should the administrator take to correct this issue? (Choose two.) A. Modify the time for the host using the vSphere cl ient. B. Correct the NTP settings in the /etc/ntp.conf fil e. C. Configure NTP from the Direct Console User Interf ace. D. Use the vicfg-ntp command from the vSphere Manage ment Appliance. QUESTION 73 Which command shows the Physical Uplink status for a vmnic? A. esxcli network ip get B. esxcli network nic list C. esxcli network vmnic list D. esxcli network ifconfig get QUESTION 74 An administrator decides to change the root passwor d for an ESXi 6.x host to comply with the company's security policies. What are two ways that this can be accomplished? (C hoose two.) A. Use the Direct Console User Interface to change t he password. B. Use the passwd command in the ESXi Shell. C. Use the password command in the ESXi Shell. D. Use the vSphere client to update local users. QUESTION 75 An administrator connects to an ESXi 6.x host conso le in order to shutdown the host. Which option in the Direct Console User Interface w ould perform this task? A. Press the F12 key B. Press the F2 key C. Press Alt + F1 simultaneously D. Press Alt + F2 simultaneously QUESTION 76 An administrator is able to manage an ESXi 6.x host connected to vCenter Server using the vSphere Web Client but is unable to connect to the host directl y. Which action should the administrator take to corre ct this behavior? A. Restart management agents on the ESXi host. B. Disable Lockdown Mode on the ESXi host through vC enter Server. C. Disable the ESXi firewall with the command esxcli network firewall unload. D. Reboot the ESXi host. QUESTION 77 An administrator creates a custom ESXi firewall rul e using an XML file, however the rules do not appea r in the vSphere Web Client. Which action should the administrator take to corre ct the problem? A. Load the new rules using esxcli network firewall reload. B. Load the new rules using esxcli network firewall refresh. C. Verify the entries in the XML file and then reboot the ESXi host. D. Remove the ESXi host from the inventory and add i t back. QUESTION 78 An administrator needs two vCenter Servers to be vi sibile within a single vSphere Web Client session. Which two vCenter Server and Platform Services Cont roller (PSC) configurations would accomplish this? (Choose two.) A. Install a single PSC with two vCenter Servers reg istered to it. B. Install two PSCs in the same Single Sign-On domai n with one vCenter Server registered to each PSC. C. Install a single PSC with two vCenter Servers reg istered to it and configure Linked Mode. D. Install two PSCs in the same Single Sign-On domai n with one vCenter Server registered to each PSC and configure Linked Mode. QUESTION 79 An administrator wants to power on a virtual machin e (VM) while connected to an ESXi host using SSH. The VM has the following Name and ID: Which command would successfully power on the virtu al machine? A. vim-cmd vmsvc/power.on 12345 B. vim-cmd vmsvc/power.on SQL001 C. vmware-vim-cmd vmsvc/power.on 12345 D. vmware-vim-cmd vmsvc/power.on SQL001 QUESTION 80 An administrator tries to connect the vSphere 5.5 Client to an ESXi 6.x host. What will happen when this takes place? A. The operation will fail, since the vSphere Client is deprecated in vSphere 6.x. B. The operation will fail and the administrator will need to delete the client and install the 6.x version. C. The operation will prompt the administrator to run a script to upgrade the vSphere Client. D. The operation will update the vSphere Client silently in the background, then connect. QUESTION 81 After successfully adding a new ESXi 6.x host to vC enter Server, an administrator sees it as Not Responding in the vSphere Web Client interface a fe w minutes later. If the issue is caused by a network firewall blocki ng traffic, which port must be opened to correct th is specific problem? A. 443 (TCP) B. 443 (UDP) C. 902 (TCP) D. 902 (UDP) QUESTION 82 An administrator is troubleshooting network communi cations between the vCenter Server and the ESXi 6.x host. Which log shows the interaction events between thes e components? A. /var/log/syslog.log B. /var/log/hostd.log C. /var/log/vpxa.log D. /var/log/fdm.log QUESTION 83 An administrator is observing slow performance of t he vCenter Inventory Service and observes the entri es from the wrapper.log file: Exception in thread "tomcat-exec-2" java.lang.OutOf MemoryError: Java heap spaceException in thread "http-bio-0.0.0.0-10443-Acceptor-0" java.lang.OutOf MemoryError: Java heap space What should the administrator do to resolve the pro blem? A. Increase the memory resources of the vCenter Serv er. B. Increase the values using cloudvm-ram-size. C. Increase the memory resouces of the Platform Serv ices Controller. D. Increase the wrapper.java.maxmemory value in wrap per.conf. QUESTION 84 An administrator is troubleshooting a virtual machi ne that has unexpectedly powered off. Which two logs should be used to troubleshoot the i ssue? (Choose two.) A. vmware.log B. hostd.log C. syslog.log D. shell.log QUESTION 85 An administrator notices that one virtual machine i s in an orphaned state. What are two reasons that a virtual machine can app ear as orphaned? (Choose two.) A. A VMware High Availability host failure has occur red. B. The virtual machine was unregistered directly on the host. C. The ESXi host is disconnected. D. The user does not have privilege to access the vi rtual machine. QUESTION 86 What is the minimum Virtual Hardware version requir ed for vFlash Read Cache? A. Version 8 B. Version 9 C. Version 10 D. Version 11 QUESTION 87 What are three reasons why a virtual machine might fail to power on? (Choose three.) A. The virtual machine is running on an ESXi host wh ich has an expired license. B. The virtual machine is running on a datastore whi ch has insufficient disk space for the .vswp file. C. The virtual machine is in a cluster with vSphere HA Admission control enabled. D. The virtual machine has a disconnected network ad apter. E. The virtual machine does not have a Virtual Hard Disk assigned. QUESTION 88 What are two reasons why a local flash device would be unavailable for use with Virtual SAN? (Choose two.) A. It has a VMFS datastore present. B. It is in use by the vFlash Read Cache feature. C. It is smaller than the minimum capacity required for Virtual SAN usage. D. It does not have any partitions created. QUESTION 89 Which three troubleshooting actions should an admin istrator take to address slow performance when deploying a virtual machine template? (Choose three .) A. Increase network throughput by addingadditionalup links to the vSwitch. B. Change the destination datastore or volume for th e virtual machine template. C. Configure a Provisioning Traffic vmkernel port to perform the deployment operation. D. Reduce the size of the virtual machine template's virtual disk. E. Deploy the virtual machine template to the cluste r and allow Distributed Resource Scheduler to regis ter the virtual machine. QUESTION 90 An administrator suspects that the MTU value for a vSphere Standard Switch is misconfigured. Which two commands can determine the value? (Choose two.) A. esxcfg-vswitch -l B. esxcli network vswitch standard list C. esxcfg-vss -l D. esxcli network standard vswitch list QUESTION 91 Deletion of an NFS datastore generates the followin g error: Sysinfo error on operation returned the following s tatus: Busy Which step can be performed that will allow the del etion to complete successfully? A. Storage vMotion any virtual machines on the datas tore to another location. B. Remove the datastore from the Storage DRS cluster in which it resides. C. Verify the value of the NFS.HeartbeatDelta is not s et to 0. D. Suspend any running virtual machines and unmount the NFS datstore. QUESTION 92 An administrator uses the df -h command and notices that an NFS datastore is reporting a capacity of 0 Bytes. What condition would cause this to occur? A. The NFS server on which the datastore resides is down. B. The datastore was mounted as Read/Write. C. The datastore was mounted as Read-Only. D. The datastore was created with NFS version 4.1. QUESTION 93 An administrator is experiencing network connectivi ty issues between virtual machines. The virtual machines and hosts are configured as follows: What are three settings the administrator should in vestigate while troubleshooting the connectivity is sue? (Choose three.) A. VLANs of the physical NICs B. Failover order of the uplinks C. Virtual NIC connectivity to the dvSwitch D. Security policy of the portgroup E. Traffic shaping on the portgroup QUESTION 94 A task fails while creating a VMFS5 datastore on a disk with these characteristics: Which action can be performed to resolve the issue? A. Delete the partitions on the disk manually with p artedUtil first. B. Create a VMFS3 file system first, then upgrade it . C. Create the VMFS5 file system manually using vmkfs tools. D. Delete the data with the vmkfstools command. QUESTION 95 A vSphere Web Client task fails while creating a VM FS datastore on a disk with these characteristics: What action needs to be performed to resolve the is sue? A. Delete the partitions manually with partedUtil. B. Create a VMFS3 file system first, then upgrade it . C. Create a VMFS5 file system with the command esxcl i storage filesystem add. D. Delete the data with the vmkfstools command. QUESTION 96 Which two reasons would prevent Storage Distributed Resource Scheduler (SDRS) from operating on a datastore? (Choose two.) A. The datastore has Storage I/O Control disabled. B. The datastore is connected to an unsupported host . C. The datastore is hosted on an NFS server. D. The datastore is hosted on an iSCSI server. QUESTION 97 What are two ways to view the DNS settings for an E SXi 6.x host? (Choose two.) A. Use the vicfg-dns command from the vSphere Manageme nt Appliance. B. View the /etc/resolv.conf file on the ESXi host. C. Use vicfg-dns command on the ESXi host. D. View the /etc/dns.conf file on the ESXi host. QUESTION 98 After configuring a Virtual SAN cluster, an adminis trator using the vSphere Web Client notices that th e Virtual SAN datastore is smaller than expected. The cluster contains: Why would the Virtual SAN datastore show as 100GB i nstead of 300GB? A. There is a network problem with the Virtual SAN v mkernel ports. B. The Virtual SAN VASA provider is disabled. C. vSphere High Availability is enabled on the Virtu al SAN cluster. D. The Virtual SAN cluster must be managed using the vSphere Web Client. QUESTION 99 An administrator tries to capture network traffic f or a virtual machine, but cannot see the expected t raffic in the packet capture tool. Which step can resolve the problem? A. Migrate the virtual machine to a Distributed Virt ual Switch. B. Enable Promiscous Mode on the relevant port group . C. Modify the default value of MAC Address changes. D. Enable Forged Transmits on the virtual machine. QUESTION 100 An administrator creates a Private VLAN with a Prim ary VLAN ID of 2. The administrator than creates th ree Private VLANs as follows: Users in the Accounting PVLAN are reporting problem s communicating with servers in the Marketing PVLAN. Which two actions could the administrator take to r esolve this problem? (Choose two.) A. Change the PVLAN type for the Accounting network to Promiscuous. B. Change the PVLAN ID for the Accounting network to 2. C. Change the PVLAN type for Marketing network to Prom iscuous. D. Change the PVLAN ID for Accounting network to 4. QUESTION 101 An administrator attempts to place a Storage DRS en abled Datastore into Maintenance Mode. The task never completes, and the Entering Maintenance Mode status remains at 1%. Which two actions should the administrator take to resolve this problem? (Choose two.) A. Set the Storage DRS advanced option IgnoreAffinit yRulesForMaintenance = 1. B. Set the Storage DRS advanced option IgnoreAffinit yRulesForMaintenance = 0. C. Disable Storage DRS affinity rules associated wit h this datastore cluster. D. Enable Storage DRS affinity rules associated with this datastore cluster. QUESTION 102 Which two scenarios could cause Storage DRS to be d isabled on a Virtual Disk (VMDK)? (Choose two.) A. The VMDK is an independent disk. B. The virtual machine has vSphere Fault Tolerance e nabled. C. The VMDK is hosted on NFS storage. D. The virtual machine has a CD-ROM/ISO image connec ted. QUESTION 103
6:16:06pm up 74 days 19:37, 470 worlds, 3VMs, 4vCPUs; CPU Load Avarage: 0.13, 0.10 0.09 ADAPTR PATH NPATH CMDS/s READS/s WRITES/s MBREAD/s MBWRTN/s DAVG/cmd KAVG/cmd GAVG/cmd QAVG/cmd vmhba0 - 1 6.68 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.25 0.03 0.28 0.01 vmhba1 - 1 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 vmhba32 - 0 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 vmhba33 - 2 184.06 85.35 97.27 5.31 4.88 160.91 0.01 160.92 0.00
Refer to the Exhibit. An administrator is using the esxtop command to troubleshoot storage performance issues on a virtual machine. The esxtop capture is shown in the Exhibit. Based on the exhibit, which two statements are true? (Choose two.) A. The iSCSI device is experiencing high latency. B. The ESXi kernel is experiencing high latency. C. The Guest OS is experiencing high latency and response time. D. The NFS device is experiencing high latency. QUESTION 104 An administrator is unable to upgrade a vCenter Ser ver Appliance from version 5.1 Update 2 to version 6.0. What is a likely reason for this? A. vCenter Server Appliance 6.0 does not support upg rades from version 5.1 Update 2. B. vCenter Server Appliance must be joined to an Act ive Directory domain before upgrading to version 6. 0. C. vCenter Server Appliance 5.1 Update 2 uses an inc ompatible database for upgrading to version 6.0. D. vCenter Server Appliance 6.0 must be upgraded usi ng the vSphere Web Client. QUESTION 105 An administrator has migrated a vCenter Server Appl iance from version 5.5 to version 6.x. During the migration, the administrator selected DHCP for the appliance and obtained a hostname from the DHCP server. The administrator adjusts the hostname afte r the migration and uses a static IP and hostname. What should the administrator do immediately after this change to prevent service failures? A. Regenerate the SSL certificates. B. Re-register components to Single Sign-On. C. Update the /etc/hosts file. D. Execute the command services.restart vmware-vpxd. QUESTION 106 An administrator is unable to patch an ESXi 6.x hos t using VMware Update Manager. What is an alternative option for patching a host? A. Upload the offline bundle to a datastore and exec ute the command esxcli software vib install -d to a pply it manually. B. Upload the vib to a datastore and execute the com mand esxcli software vib install -d to apply it manually. C. Upload the offline bundle to a datastore and exec ute the command esxupdate install -v to apply it manually. D. Upload the vib to a datastore and execute the com mand esxupdate install -v to apply it manually. QUESTION 107 Which three logs can be reviewed to troubleshoot a vCenter Server upgrade failure? (Choose three.) A. vminst.log B. vim-vcs-msi.log C. pkgmgr.log D. vc-upgrade.log E. firstboot.log QUESTION 108 Attempting to update an ESXi 6.x host using the fol lowing command: esxcli software vib update -d update.zip Generates the following error: Could not download from depot at /tmp/index.xml, sk ipping (('/tmp/index.xml', '', "[Errno 4] IOError: <urlopen error [Errno 2] No such file or directory: '/tmp/index.xml'>")) url = /tmp/index.xml What action should be taken to correct the problem? A. Add the full file path to the command. B. Use the update option instead of install. C. Use the switch -d instead of -v. D. Replace esxcli with esxupdate. QUESTION 109 A failed upgrade from vCenter Server version 5.x to version 6.0 produces the following error: [00800 error 'Default'] Database version id '600' i s incompatible with this release of VirtualCenter. What is the cause of the upgrade failure? A. There was a database schema upgrade failure during the installation. B. The VMWAREVCMSDS service was upgraded before the vCenter Server service. C. The VMware Directory Service database failed duri ng the installation. D. There was an incompatible ODBC driver version for the database. QUESTION 110 An administrator is troubleshooting a CPU performan ce issue for a virtual machine. Which three esxtop counters may demonstrate CPU con tention? (Choose three.) A. %RDY B. %RUN C. %MLMTD D. %WAIT E. %CSTP QUESTION 111 Users are reporting CPU related performance problem s on the virtual machine Email-Prod throughout the day. The resource settings for the VM and the ESXi host the VM is running on are shown below: VM: ESXi host: Which two options would alleviate the observed perf ormance problem for Email-Prod? (Choose two.) A. Enable the advanced parameter Numa.PageMigEnable. B. Enable the advanced parameter Numa.AutoMemAffinit y. C. Enable CPU affinity to separate 2 vCPUs for each NUMA node. D. Enable CPU affinity to bind all vCPUs to one NUMA node. QUESTION 112 An administrator is troubleshooting a performance p roblem with a virtual machine (VM). The VM and ESXi host configuration is as follows: The administrator would like to improve CPU perform ance for this VM. Other VMs on the host have no performance issues. Which action should the adminis trator take to resolve the issue? A. Set the Advanced Parameter numa.vcpu.preferHT = T RUE in the virtual machine configuration file. B. Set the Advanced Parameter numa.vcpu.preferHT = F ALSE in the virtual machine configuration file. C. Set the Advanced Parameter numa.PreferHT = 1 in t he ESXi host configuration file. D. Set the Advanced Parameter numa.PreferHT = 0 in t he ESXi host configuration file. QUESTION 113 An administrator has a virtual machine configured w ith the following settings: Which two actions must the administrator take in or der to utilize vNUMA? (Choose two.) A. Upgrade the ESXi host to vSphere 5.5 or later. B. Upgrade to Virtual Hardware version 8. C. Configure numa.vcpu.min to 5 D. Configure numa.vcpu.min to 6 QUESTION 114 When troubleshooting a performance related issue, a n administrator sees the following warning message on an ESXi Console: Significant imbalance between NUMA nodes detected. Performance may be impacted. Which action should the administrator take to corre ct this problem? A. Ensure that the RAM modules are evenly balanced b etween processor sockets in the physical server. B. Ensure that all memory banks associated with CPU Socket 0 in the physical server are completely fill ed. C. Ensure that the physical server has the maximum a mount of RAM modules that it can support. D. Ensure that all RAM modules in the host are Error -correcting code (ECC) modules. QUESTION 115 An administrator notices that 8 out of 10 virtual m achines have memory ballooning and swapping. Howeve r, virtual machine 9 is not ballooning or swapping and virtual machine 10 is not ballooning but is swappi ng. Which two statements explain the behavior of virtua l machine 9 and virtual machine 10? (Choose two.) A. Virtual machine 9 has a 100% memory reservation. B. Virtual machine 10 has a memory limit configured. C. Virtual machine 9 has memory shares set to HIGH. D. Virtual machine 10 does not have VMware Tools enabl ed or installed. QUESTION 116 A virtual machine is exhibiting these symptoms: Which three solutions could correct this problem? ( Choose three.) A. Verify that VMware Tools is installed on each virtu al machine. B. Decrease the memory reservation setting, if highe r than active memory. C. Add physical memory to the host. D. Disable the balloon driver in each virtual machin e. E. Create a memory limit for each virtual machine. QUESTION 117 An administrator notices that a Windows virtual mac hine is using 95% CPU in Task Manager. Which two actions should be taken to resolve this i ssue? (Choose two.) A. Increase the memory reservation of the virtual ma chine. B. Increase the CPU Shares on the resource pool wher e the virtual machine resides. C. Decrease the CPU reservation of the virtual machi ne. D. Increase the CPU limit on the resource pool where the virtual machine resides. QUESTION 118 An administrator wants to select a Host Power Manag ement Policy for an ESXi 6.x host that will disable most hardware power management features. Which Host Power Management Policy should be select ed to meet this requirement? A. High Performance B. Balanced C. Low Power D. Disabled QUESTION 119 An administrator wants to monitor virtual machines on a host and send notifications when memory usage reaches 80%. What should the administrator create in vCenter Ser ver to accomplish this? A. A host alarm that will monitor virtual machine me mory usage and set a trigger to email the notificat ion. B. A vCenter Server alarm that will monitor virtual machine memory usage and set an action to email the notification. C. A host alarm that will monitor virtual machine me mory usage and set an action to email the notificat ion. D. A vCenter Server alarm that will monitor virtual machine memory usage and set a trigger to email the notification. QUESTION 120 An administrator is attempting to enable Legacy Fau lt Tolerance (FT) on a virtual machine and observes the following in the vSphere Web Client: Fault Tolerance has not been licensed on host <host name>. What is the minimum licensed edition that supports this configuration? A. Standard B. Enterprise C. Enterprise Plus D. Essentials Plus QUESTION 121 An administrator is attempting to enable Fault Tole rance on a virtual machine with 4 vCPUs and observe s the following in the vSphere Web Client: Fault Tolerance has not been licensed on host <host name>. What is the minimum licensed edition that supports this configuration? A. Enterprise B. Enterprise Plus C. Standard D. Essentials Plus QUESTION 122
Refer to the Exhibit. An administrator is reviewing a vSphere Distributed Resource Scheduler (DRS) enabled Cluster and observes unexpected behavior as shown in the Exhibi t. What are three potential causes of the cluster imba lance? (Choose three.) A. A local device is mounted to one or more virtual machines. B. DRS rules prevent virtual machines from being mov ed. C. vMotion is not configured and enabled. D. There are insufficient cluster resources to perfo rm the migration. E. DRS has been configured for a conservative migrat ion threshold. QUESTION 123 An administrator has decided to create 10 ESXi 6.x hosts via Auto Deploy for a new Test/Dev cluster. T he hosts are configured to obtain their networking con figuration via DHCP. Which Direct Console User Interface option should t he administrator use to renew the DHCP lease for th e hosts? A. Restore Network Settings B. Test Management Network C. Restart Management Network D. Network Restore Options QUESTION 124 An administrator is deploying ESXi 6.x hosts using Auto Deploy and wants the image profile to be avail able, even after closing and opening a new PowerCLI windo w. Which command can be used to ensure that image prof iles are preserved across PowerCLI sessions? A. Set-EsxImageProfile B. Export-EsxImageProfile C. Save-EsxImageProfile D. Preserve-EsxImageProfile QUESTION 125 Which two are valid compliance results that indicat e the need to apply a Host Profile? (Choose two.) A. Non-compliant B. Inconsistent C. Unknown D. Disconnected QUESTION 126 An administrator is using Auto Deploy to create sev eral ESXi 6.x hosts that will be connected to a vSp here Distributed Switch. After the hosts are deployed, t he administrator notices that LACP packets are not being sent between them. Which statement best describes why this issue is oc curing? A. LACP is not enabled on the vCenter Server. B. The LACP support settings do not exist in the hos t profile. C. The LACP installation bundle is not included in t he image profile. D. LACP has not been configured on the Auto Deploy s erver. QUESTION 127 An administrator needs to migrate a legacy physical application server to a virtual machine within a v Sphere 6 cluster. As part of the conversion, the administr ator must reduce the size of the virtual disks. Wha t action should the administrator take to create a virtual m achine with smaller virtual disks than the original physical server? A. Shut down the physical server and use VMware Conv erter cold cloning with volume-based cloning at the disk level. B. Use VMware Converter hot cloning with volume-base d cloning at the block level. C. Shut down the physical server and use VMware Conv erter cold cloning with volume-based cloning at the file level. D. Use VMware Converter hot cloning with volume-based cloning at the file level. QUESTION 128 How does vSphere High Availability calculate the me mory slot size of a virtual machine? A. Virtual machine memory reservation + overhead of la rgest virtual machine B. Virtual machine memory reservation - overhead of la rgest virtual machine C. Virtual machine memory reservation + overhead of sm allest virtual machine D. Virtual machine memory reservation - overhead of sm allest virtual machine QUESTION 129 In a vSphere High Availability cluster, what is the VM Monitoring I/O stats interval default value? A. 60 seconds B. 90 seconds C. 120 seconds D. 180 seconds QUESTION 130 An administrator enables High Availability (HA) on a Virtual SAN cluster. There are four vmkernel port groups with the follow ing IP addresses assigned: Which IP address will HA use for traffic? A. 192.168.12.10 B. 192.168.13.10 C. 192.168.14.10 D. 192.168.15.10 QUESTION 131 A vSphere 6 High Availability cluster has been conf igured with default settings. Four virtual machines in the cluster have been configured with these priorities: How many VM Overrides would need to be defined at t he cluster level to meet the restart priorities? A. 1 B. 2 C. 3 D. 4 QUESTION 132 Which two settings are required for Virtual Machine Component Protection (VMCP) to protect from All Paths Down (APD) and Permanent Device Loss (PDL)? ( Choose two.) A. Host Monitoring B. VM Restart Priority C. Virtual machine Monitoring D. Response for Host Isolation QUESTION 133 An administrator wants to prevent a priority virtua l machine that resides in a vSphere DRS cluster fro m migrating to other hosts in the cluster. What configuration step will accomplish this withou t affecting other virtual machines? A. Set VM Overrides to Partially Automated. B. Set VM Overrides to Manual. C. Configure a VM/Host Rule with the setting Must ru n on hosts in group. D. Configure a VM/Host Rule with the setting Should run on hosts in group. QUESTION 134 Refer to the Exhibit. An administrator reviews the Health of a virtual ma chine, as shown in the Exhibit. Based on the exhibit, which three metrics can be us ed to determine the virtual machine's Workload characteristics? (Choose three.) A. CPU B. Memory C. Network IO D. Threads E. vNUMA Stats QUESTION 135 Refer to the Exhibit. An administrator recently created a Virtual SAN but no Storage Policies were defined. A few virtual machines were deployed to this cluster. The adminis trator analyzes the default Virtual SAN policy as s hown in the Exhibit. Based on the exhibit, which two statements are true ? (Choose two.) A. Losing one cluster node will not affect data avai lability. B. Losing one Hard Disk in a cluster node will not a ffect data availability. C. Creating a virtual machine Swap file will fail if it violates default storage policy. D. Creating a virtual machine will succeed even if it violates default storage policy. QUESTION 136
Refer to the Exhibit. Which tab shows the Hardware Acceleration support status? A. Devices B. Properties C. Paths D. Advanced Options QUESTION 137 Refer to the Exhibit. The Exhibit shows the status of vmhba32 and vmhba33 as Unbound. What is a likely reason for this status? A. The host bus adapter is not associated with a vmk nic. B. The Dynamic Target Discovery was not configured. C. The Static Target Discovery was not configured. D. The host bus adapter is not associated with a vmn ic. QUESTION 138 Which two roles can be modified? (Choose two.) A. Administrator B. Network Administrator C. Datastore Consumer D. Read-Only QUESTION 139 An administrator wishes to give a user the ability to manage snapshots for virtual machines. Which privilege does the administrator need to assi gn to the user? A. Datastore.Allocate Space B. Virtual machine.Configuration.create snapshot C. Virtual machine.Configuration.manage snapshot D. Datastore.Browse Datastore QUESTION 140 What is the highest object level from which a virtu al machine can inherit privileges? A. Host Folder B. Data Center C. Data Center Folder D. VM Folder QUESTION 141 In which two vsphere.local groups should an adminis trator avoid adding members? (Choose two.) A. SolutionUsers B. Administrators C. DCAdmins D. ExternalPDUsers QUESTION 142 Which two methods are recommended for managing the VMware Directory Service? (Choose two.) A. Utilize the vmdir command. B. Manage through the vSphere Web Client. C. Manage using the VMware Directory Service. D. Utilize the dc rep command. QUESTION 143 What are two sample roles that are provided with vC enter Server by default? (Choose two.) A. Virtual machine User B. Network Administrator C. Content Library Administrator D. Storage Administrator QUESTION 144 Which three services can be enabled/disabled in the Security Profile for an ESXi host? (Choose three.) A. CIM Server B. Single Sign-On C. Direct Console UI D. Syslog Server E. vSphere Web Access QUESTION 145 An administrator would like to use the VMware Certi ficate Authority (VMCA) as an Intermediate Certific ate Authority (CA). The first two steps performed are: Which two steps would need to be performed next? (C hoose two.) A. Replace Solution User Certificates (Intermediate CA) B. Replace the VMware Directory Service Certificate (Intermediate CA) C. Replace the VMware Directory Service Certificate D. Replace Solution User Certificates QUESTION 146 Which password meets ESXi 6.x host password require ments? A. 8kMVnn2x! B. zNgtnJBA2 C. Nvgt34kn44 D. !b74wr QUESTION 147 An administrator would like to use a passphrase for their ESXi 6.x hosts which has these characteristi cs: Which advanced options must be set to allow this pa ssphrase configuration to be used? A. retry=3 min=disabled,disabled,7,21,7 passphrase=2 B. retry=3 min=disabled,disabled,21,7,7 passphrase=2 C. retry=3 min=disabled,disabled,2,21,7 D. retry=3 min=disabled,disabled,21,21,2 QUESTION 148 Which Advanced Setting should be created for the vC enter Server to change the expiration policy of the vpxuser password? A. VimPasswordExpirationInDays B. VimExpirationPasswordDays C. VimPassExpirationInDays D. VimPasswordRefreshDays QUESTION 149 An administrator has been instructed to secure exis ting virtual machines in vCenter Server. Which two actions should the administrator take to secure these virtual machines? (Choose two.) A. Disable native remote management services B. Restrict Remote Console access C. Use Independent Non-Persistent virtual disks D. Prevent use of Independent Non-Persistent virtual disks QUESTION 150 An administrator has recently audited the environme nt and found numerous virtual machines with sensiti ve data written to the configuration files. To prevent this in the future, which advanced param eter should be applied to the virtual machines? A. isolation.tools.setinfo.disable = true B. isolation.tools.setinfo.enable = true C. isolation.tools.setinfo.disable = false D. isolation.tools.setinfo.enable = false QUESTION 151 Which three options are available for ESXi Certific ate Replacement? (Choose three.) A. VMware Certificate Authority mode B. Custom Certificate Authority mode C. Thumbprint mode D. Hybrid Deployment E. VMware Certificate Endpoint Authority Mode QUESTION 152 Lockdown Mode has been enabled on an ESXi 6.x host and users are restricted from logging into the Dire ct Console User Interface (DCUI). Which two statements are true given this configurat ion? (Choose two.) A. A user granted administrative privileges in the E xception User list can login. B. A user defined in the DCUI.Access without adminis trative privileges can login. C. A user defined in the ESXi Admins domain group ca n login. D. A user set to the vCenter Administrator role can login. QUESTION 153 A common root user account has been configured for a group of ESXi 6.x hosts. Which two steps should be taken to mitigate securit y risks associated with this configuration? (Choose two.) A. Remove the root user account from the ESXi host. B. Set a complex password for the root account and l imit its use. C. Use ESXi Active Directory capabilities to assign users the administrator role. D. Use Lockdown mode to restrict root account access . QUESTION 154 Which two advanced features should be disabled for virtual machines that are only hosted on a vSphere system? (Choose two.) A. isolation.tools.unity.push.update.disable B. isolation.tools.ghi.launchmenu.change C. isolation.tools.bbs.disable D. isolation.tools.hgfsServerSet.enable QUESTION 155 When attempting to log in with the vSphere Web Clie nt, users have reported the error: Incorrect Username/Password The administrator has configured the Platform Servi ces Controller Identity Source as: Which two statements would explain why users cannot login to the vSphere Web Client? (Choose two.) A. Users are typing the password incorrectly. B. Users are in a forest that has 1-way trust. C. Users are in a forest that has 2-way trust. D. Users are logging into vCenter Server with incorr ect permissions. QUESTION 156 Which group in the vsphere.local domain will have a dministrator privileges for the VMware Certificate Authority (VMCA)? A. SolutionUsers B. CAAdmins C. DCAAdmins D. SystemConfiguration.Administrators QUESTION 157 Which Platform Service Controller Password Policy d etermines the number of days a password can exist before the user must change it? A. Maximum Lifetime B. Password Age C. Maximum Days D. Password Lifetime QUESTION 158 An administrator is configuring the clock tolerance for the Single Sign-On token configuration policy and wants to define the time skew tolerance between a c lient and the domain controller clock. Which time measurement is used for the value? A. Milliseconds B. Seconds C. Minutes D. Hours QUESTION 159 Which VMware Single Sign-On component issues Securi ty Assertion Markup Language (SAML) tokens? A. VMware Security Token Service B. Administration Server C. VMware Directory Service D. Identity Management Service QUESTION 160 Which two are valid Identity Sources when configuri ng vCenter Single Sign-On? (Choose two.) A. Radius B. NIS C. OpenLDAP D. LocalOS QUESTION 161 An administrator needs to create an Integrated Wind ows Authentication (IWA) Identity Source on a newly deployed vCenter Server Appliance (VCSA). Which two actions will accomplish this? (Choose two .) A. Use a Service Principal Name (SPN) to configure t he Identity Source. B. Use a Domain administrator to configure the Ident ity Source. C. Join the VCSA to Active Directory and configure t he Identity Source with a Machine Account. D. Create a computer account in Active Directory for t he VCSA and configure the Identity Source. QUESTION 162 An administrator wants to reduce the memory overhea d for a 3D graphics enabled virtual machine (VM). What advanced feature can be added to the VM config uration file to reduce memory overhead? A. vga.vgaOnly=TRUE B. vga.svgaEnable=FALSE C. svgaEnabled=FALSE D. svgaDisable=TRUE QUESTION 163 An administrator is building a large virtual machin e that will require as many vCPUs as the host can support. An ESXi 6.x host has these specifications: What is the maximum number of virtual CPUs that the virtual machine can be allocated? A. 64 B. 128 C. 192 D. 256 QUESTION 164 Which two features are available for virtual machin es configured with DirectPath I/O? (Choose two.) A. Fault Tolerance B. Suspend and Resume C. Virtual Symmetric Multi-Processing (vSMP) D. Virtual Non-Uniform Memory Access (vNUMA) QUESTION 165 To reduce the attack vectors for a virtual machine, which two settings should an administrator set to false? (Choose two.) A. ideX:Y.present B. serial.present C. ideX:Y.enabled D. serial.enabled QUESTION 166 Which two groups of settings should be reviewed whe n attempting to increase the security of virtual machines (VMs)? (Choose two.) A. Disable hardware devices B. Disable unexposed features C. Disable VMtools devices D. Disable VM Template features QUESTION 167 An administrator wants to configure an ESXi 6.x hos t to use Active Directory (AD) to manage users and groups. The AD domain group ESX Admins is planned f or administrative access to the host. Which two conditions should be considered when plan ning this configuration? (Choose two.) A. If administrative access for ESX Admins is not re quired, this setting can be altered. B. The users in ESX Admins are not restricted by Loc kdown Mode. C. An ESXi host provisioned with Auto Deploy cannot store AD credentials. D. The users in ESX Admins are granted administrativ e privileges in vCenter Server. QUESTION 168 Which two statements are correct regarding vSphere certificates? (Choose two.) A. ESXi host upgrades do not preserve the SSL certif icate and reissue one from the VMware Certificate Authority (VMCA). B. ESXi host upgrades preserve the existing SSL cert ificate. C. ESXi hosts have assigned SSL certificates from th e VMware Certificate Authority (VMCA) during instal l. D. ESXi hosts have self-signed SSL certificates by d efault. QUESTION 169 Which three options are available for replacing vCe nter Server Security Certificates? (Choose three.) A. Replace with Certificates signed by the VMware Ce rtificate Authority. B. Make VMware Certificate Authority an Intermediate Certificate Authority. C. Do not use VMware Certificate Authority, provisio n your own Certificates. D. Use SSL Thumbprint mode. E. Replace all VMware Certificate Authority issued C ertificates with self-signed Certificates. QUESTION 170 An administrator wants to upgrade to vCenter Server 6.x. The vCenter Server: Why does the vCenter Server not meet the minimum re quirements? A. Windows Server 2008 R2 is not a supported Operati ng System for vCenter Server. B. The virtual machine has insufficient resources fo r the environment size. C. The environment is too large to be managed by a s ingle vCenter Server. D. The Platform Services Controller must be changed to an External deployment. QUESTION 171 An administrator has upgraded a Distributed vCenter Server environment from 5.5 to 6.0. What is the next step that should be taken? A. vCenter Inventory Service must be manually stoppe d and removed. B. vCenter Inventory Service must be changed from ma nual to automatic. C. vCenter Inventory Service must be manually stoppe d and restarted. D. vCenter Inventory Service must be changed from au tomatic to manual. QUESTION 172 When upgrading vCenter Server, an administrator not ices that the upgrade fails at the vCenter Single S ign- On installation. What must be done to allow the upgrade to complete? A. Verify that the VMware Directory service can stop b y manually restarting it. B. Verify that the vCenter Single Sign-On service can stop by manually restarting it. C. Uninstall vCenter Single Sign-On service. D. Uninstall the VMware Directory service. QUESTION 173 During a vCenter Server upgrade, an ESXi 6.x host i n a High Availability (HA) cluster fails. Which statement is true? A. HA will fail the virtual machines over to an avai lable host during the vCenter Server upgrade proces s. B. HA is unavailable during the vCenter Server upgra de process. C. HA will fail the virtual machines over to an avai lable host after the vCenter Server upgrade complet es. D. HA will successfully vMotion the virtual machines during the host failure. QUESTION 174 An administrator is upgrading a vCenter Server Appl iance and wants to ensure that all the prerequisite s are met. What action must be taken before upgrading the vCen ter Server Appliance? A. Install the Client Integration Plug-in. B. Install the database client. C. Install the ODBC connector. D. Install the Update Manager Plug-in.
Question B.125 An administrator is troubleshooting a CPU issue for a virtual machine. The following is seen in esxtop: What is likely the cause of the CPU issue? A. The virtual machine has a CPU limit configured. B. The virtual machine's guest operating system is configured for SMP. C. The virtual machine has CPU affinity configured. D. The virtual machine is configured with a CPU reservation. Question B.126 An administrator notices that 8 out of 10 virtual machines have memory ballooning and swapping. However, virtual machine 9 is not ballooning or swapping and virtual machine 10 is not ballooning but is swapping. Which two statements explain the behavior of virtual machine 9 and virtual machine 10? (Choose two.) A. Virtual machine 9 has a 100% memory reservation. B. Virtual machine 10 has a memory limit configured. C. Virtual machine 9 has memory shares set to HIGH. D. Virtual machine 10 does not have VMware Tools enabled or installed. Question B.127 An administrator is troubleshooting a virtual machine performance issue using vRealize Operations. Which two badges would help to identify possible resource contention concerns? (Choose two.) A. Health > Workload B. Health > Faults C. Risk > Time Remaining D. Risk > Stress Question B.128 A virtual machine is exhibiting these symptoms: Which three solutions could correct this problem? (Choose three.) A. Verify that VMware Tools is installed on each virtual machine. B. Decrease the memory reservation setting, if higher than active memory. C. Add physical memory to the host. D. Disable the balloon driver in each virtual machine. E. Create a memory limit for each virtual machine. Question B.129 An administrator is concerned about possible vCPU over-commitment for an ESXi 6.x host. Which two Performance Counters should be reviewed in the vSphere Web Client Performance Charts to confirm if there is contention on the host? (Choose two.) A. Wait B. Ready C. Core Utilization D. Co-Stop Question B.130 An administrator tries to run esxtop to troubleshoot CPU performance issues, but no output is displayed. How can the issue be resolved? A. esxtop is deprecated in vSphere 6.x, resxtop must be used to produce the desired output. B. In esxtop, press f and place an asterisk next to each field that should be displayed. C. sudo should be run in front of esxtop to give the administrator the proper permissions. D. The esxtop command must be run from the /proc directory to produce output. Mer info om esxtop hittar du på: http://pubs.vmware.com/vsphere-60/index.jsp#com.vmware.vsphere.monitoring.doc/GUID-00355CC2-383D-4354-AF2F-5CC3E4D259A8.html eller http://www.running-system.com/vsphere-6-esxtop-quick-overview-for-troubleshooting/ http://www.running-system.com/wp-content/uploads/2015/04/ESXTOP_vSphere6.pdf Question B.131
EXHIBIT 5:43:30pm up 46 days 12:43, 502 worlds, 2 VMs, 8 vCPUs; CPU load avarage 1.37, 1.35, 1.35 PCPU USED(%): 99 99 100 99 AVG: 99 PCPU UTIL(%): 99 99 99 99 AVG: 99 ID GID NAME NWLD %USED %RUN %SYS %WAIT %VMWAIT %RDY %IDLE %OVRLP %CSTP %MLMTD %SWPWT 20672602 20672602 FastVM 10 202.81 203.52 0.00 589.96 0.00 163.60 0.00 0.73 61.73 0.00 0.00 20672603 20672603 SlowVM 10 199.49 200.02 0.00 599.95 0.07 164.35 0.00 0.66 54.68 0.00 0.00
Refer to the Exhibit. An administrator is troubleshooting a CPU performance related problem for the SlowVM virtual machine. Which three actions should the administrator take to improve CPU performance for SlowVM? (Choose three.) A. Increase the number of vCPUs assigned to SlowVM. B. Decrease the number of vCPUs assigned to SlowVM. C. Power off other VMs running on the same ESXi host. D. Increase the CPU limit for SlowVM. E. Move SlowVM to another ESXi host with more physical CPU resources available. Question B.132
EXHIBIT 5:43:30pm up 46 days 12:43, 500 worlds, 2 VMs, 2 vCPUs; CPU load avarage 0.15, 0.26, 0.41 PCPU USED(%): 2.8 4.5 4.3 99 AVG: 27 PCPU UTIL(%): 3.0 4.7 4.4 100 AVG: 28 ID GID LWID NAME NWLD %USED %RUN %SYS %WAIT %VMWAIT %RDY %IDLE %OVRLP %CSTP %MLMTD %SWPWT 30172 30172 40901 FastVM 7 102.97 102.83 0.00 616.19 0.00 0.05 0.00 0.05 0.00 0.00 0.00 31109 31109 42222 SlowVM 7 4.97 4.97 0.00 616.19 0.00 97.99 0.00 0.00 0.00 97.89 0.00
Refer to the Exhibit. Examine the esxtop command output shown in the Exhibit. Which option would improve application performance for the SlowVM virtual machine? A. Increase the number of vCPUs provided to SlowVM. B. Decrease the number of vCPUs provided to SlowVM. C. Move SlowVM to another ESXi host with more physical CPU resources available. D. Increase the CPU limit assigned to SlowVM. Question B.133 An administrator notices that a Windows virtual machine is using 95% CPU in Task Manager. Which two actions should be taken to resolve this issue? (Choose two.) A. Increase the memory reservation of the virtual machine. B. Increase the CPU Shares on the resource pool where the virtual machine resides. C. Decrease the CPU reservation of the virtual machine. D. Increase the CPU limit on the resource pool where the virtual machine resides. Question B.134 An administrator wants to select a Host Power Management Policy for an ESXi 6.x host that will disable most hardware power management features. Which Host Power Management Policy should be selected to meet this requirement? A. High Performance B. Balanced C. Low Power D. Disabled Question B.135 An administrator wants to monitor virtual machines on a host and send notifications when memory usage reaches 80%. What should the administrator create in vCenter Server to accomplish this? A. A host alarm that will monitor virtual machine memory usage and set a trigger to email the notification. B. A vCenter Server alarm that will monitor virtual machine memory usage and set an action to email the notification. C. A host alarm that will monitor virtual machine memory usage and set an action to email the notification. D. A vCenter Server alarm that will monitor virtual machine memory usage and set a trigger to email the notification. Question B.163 What are two sample roles that are provided with vCenter Server by default? (Choose two.) A. Virtual machine User B. Network Administrator C. Content Library Administrator D. Storage Administrator Question B.172 Strict Lockdown Mode has been enabled on an ESXi host. Which action should an administrator perform to allow ESXi Shell or SSH access for users with administrator privileges? A. Grant the users the administrator role and enable the service. B. Add the users to Exception Users and enable the service. C. No action can be taken, Strict Lockdown Mode prevents direct access. D. Add the users to vsphere.local and enable the service.
~50 Interview Questions (Numbered 1-60)
INTERVIEW 1 1 What is a hypervisor?
Hypervisor is the central component that runs on the main Windows machine that handles VMware instances. You can spin up new virtual machines from Hypervisor. There are 2 types of hypervisors type1 and type2.
Type1 is a native or bare-metal hypervisors. These hypervisors run directly on the hosts hardware to control the hardware and to manage guest operating systems.
Type2 is hosted hypervisors. These hypervisors run on a conventional operating system just as any other computer program do.
2. What should you do when installing a new anti-virus or security function on the host?
You place a host in maintenance mode when you need to service it, for example, to install more memory. A host enters or leaves maintenance mode only as the result of a user request.
Virtual machines that are running on a host entering maintenance mode need to be migrated to another host (either manually or automatically by DRS) or shut down. The host is in a state of Entering Maintenance Mode until all running virtual machines are powered down or migrated to different hosts. You cannot power on virtual machines or migrate virtual machines to a host entering maintenance mode.
When no more running virtual machines are on the host, the host’s icon changes to include under maintenance and the host’s Summary panel indicates the new state. While in maintenance mode, the host does not allow you to deploy or power on a virtual machine. Note
DRS does not recommend (or perform, in fully automated mode) any virtual machine migrations off of a host entering maintenance or standby mode if the vSphere HA failover level would be violated after the host enters the requested mode.
VMware vSphere 6.0 Documentation Center
3. How do you know when to install more vSphere hosts?
VMware crews use several monitoring tools to monitor performance on the main VMware hosts. When CPU and memory resources are spiking and causing performance issues, it’s time to add more hosts to your network environment.
4. How many VMs and hosts have you managed in the last three years? Answer this question honestly. This question is used to judge your experience. Not all employers are looking for someone with years of experience but rather a good personality and ability to learn the environment quickly.
5. How much knowledge do you have with other cloud hosting services? List other services as google, amazon, azure(?) and maybe list some pro and cons
6. What type of scripting have you heard about?
You can run the sample Perl scripts as is. You can also use the scripts as the starting point for writing your own Perl scripts to obtain CIM data from the server. If you accepted the defaults during vSphere SDK for Perl installation, the samples are in the following location on a Windows system:
C:\Program Files\VMware\VMware VI CLI\Perl\samples\WSMan
When you run the samples, you must specify connection options. See vSphere SDK for Perl Common Options. For example, you can specify connection options on the command line as follows:
perl <scriptname.pl> --server <servername> --username <username> --password <password>
perl firmwarerevisions.pl --server my.FQDN.esx35server.com --username root --password root_pass
If --server is not specified, it defaults to localhost. If you are connecting to a remote host and do not specify a user name and password, you are prompted. The CIMOM service listens for requests on port 80.
Introduction to VMware vSphere PowerCLI
VMware vSphere PowerCLI contains modules and snap-ins of cmdlets based on Microsoft PowerShell for automating vSphere, vCloud Director, and vCloud Air administration. It provides C# and PowerShell interfaces to VMware vSphere, vCloud, and vCenter Site Recovery Manager APIs.
vCLI Package Contents
vCLI is not a command set but a package of several command sets. You usually install vCLI on an administration server and run scripts from there against other hosts or, for DCLI, against vCenter Server systems. Some vCLI commands can also be run locally on the ESXi host or the vCenter Server system. When you install the vCLI package, the following command sets become available.
- DCLI Commands. The DCLI commands are new in vSphere 6.0, and are available for managing vCenter services that are new in vSphere 6.0. These commands are available as part of vCLI, from the vCenter Server Virtual Appliance, and from the command-prompt of a vCenter Server Windows installation.
- Host Management Commands. Includes the following command sets.
- ESXCLI commands. The ESXCLI commands included in the vCLI package are equivalent to the ESXCLI commands available in the ESXi Shell.
- vicfg- commands. The vicfg- command set is similar to the deprecated esxcfg- command set in the ESXi Shell.
- Miscellaneous commands. A small set of commands for managing and monitoring ESXi hosts, including vmkfstools and resxtop. In many cases, equivalent but slightly different commands are available in the ESXi Shell
7. What type of monitoring tools do you use? Explain Operation Manager, vSphere events and monitoring tools in vSphere Web Client --- 8. What is VMware fault tolerance ?
The VMware vSphere is a monitoring system that helps keep VM clients and servers free from down time. It also helps avoid data loss. Zero downtime.
--- 10. What type of technology does VMware fault tolerance (FT) use?
When you enable Fault Tolerance (FT), VMware vLockstep captures inputs and events that occur on a Primary VM and sends them to the Secondary VM, which is running on another host.
https://pubs.vmware.com/vsphere-60/index.jsp#com.vmware.vsphere.security.doc/GUID-F0A494B8-4BCF-472C-9A73-85F9CD02D8F9.html?resultof=%2522%2576%256c%256f%2563%256b%2573%2574%2565%2570%2522%2520 --- 11. System Requirements for ESXi 6.0?
Answer: You should always check the official "VMware hardware requirements" for general requirements and "VMware Compatibility Guide" for the specific server in question.
ESXi Hardware Requirements
Make sure the host meets the minimum hardware configurations supported by ESXi 6.0. Hardware and System Resources
To install or upgrade ESXi 6.0, your hardware and system resources must meet the following requirements:
- Supported server platform . For a list of supported platforms, see the VMware Compatibility Guide at http://www.vmware.com/resources/compatibility.
- ESXi 6.0 requires a host machine with at least two CPU cores.
- ESXi 6.0 supports 64-bit x86 processors released after September 2006. This includes a broad range of multi-core processors. For a complete list of supported processors, see the VMware compatibility guide at http://www.vmware.com/resources/compatibility.
- ESXi 6.0 requires the NX/XD bit to be enabled for the CPU in the BIOS.
- ESXi requires a minimum of 4GB of physical RAM. It is recommended to provide at least 8 GB of RAM to run virtual machines in typical production environments.
- To support 64-bit virtual machines, support for hardware virtualization (Intel VT-x or AMD RVI) must be enabled on x64 CPUs.
- One or more Gigabit or faster Ethernet controllers. For a list of supported network adapter models, see the VMware Compatibility Guide at http://www.vmware.com/resources/compatibility.
- SCSI disk or a local, non-network, RAID LUN with unpartitioned space for the virtual machines.
- For Serial ATA (SATA), a disk connected through supported SAS controllers or supported on-board SATA controllers. SATA disks will be considered remote, not local. These disks will not be used as a scratch partition by default because they are seen as remote.
https://pubs.vmware.com/vsphere-60/index.jsp?topic=%2Fcom.vmware.vsphere.install.doc%2FGUID-DEB8086A-306B-4239-BF76-E354679202FC.html --- 12. Your hardware is on the compatibility list and now you need to know what the minimum CPU and memory requirements of an ESXi host when building a 64bit OS that will take full advatage of ESXi features?
2 CPU Cores and 8 GB memory --- 13. Before you start installing software what must be enabled in the server BIOS in order to run ESXi?
The NX/XD bit needs to be anabled --- 14. You’ve done this a hundred times. What are 3 methods that can be used when doing an Interactive ESXi installation?
Answer: Boot from a CD/DVD, boot from a USB, and PXE boot from a deployment server on the network.
15. After so many ESXi builds you have figured out a faster way to do the install using a script. What’s the main difference between an interactive ESXi installation and a scripted installation?
Answer: The interactive install will require you to follow along and fill in the configuration information whereas, in a scripted install, the configuration information will be queried from an unattended text file (boot.cfg). Note: ESXi uses a Kickstart installer similar to Linux.
16. You can install ESXi in your sleep. What is the command to access the installer window on ESXi 6.0?
Answer: At boot time you might need to specify options to access the kickstart file. You can enter boot options by pressing Shift+O in the boot loader.
17. Darn, one of your servers is not loading. What’s the first thing to double-check when having a problem installing ESXi?
Answer: Make sure the hardware clock is set to UTC and the NX/XD bit is enabled in the BIOS.
18. You’ve typed this stuff in a million times. Name 5 of the 10 bits of information required when installing ESXi?
Answer: Keyboard Layout, VLAN ID, IP Address, Subnet Mask, Gateway, Pri DNS, Sec DNS, Host Name, Installation Location, Root Password.
You decided not to run the vCenter appliance. What’s the minimum hardware requirements for a vCenter 5.x server?
Answer: It depends on whether other vSphere services such as single sign-on, inventory service, and the database will be running on the same hardware with vCenter.
20. You’re going to upgrade vCenter and the old vCenter is running on Windows Server 2003. What Windows Operating System is required for vCenter 6?
Answer: Microsoft Windows Server 2008 R2 64-bit
21. BAD question
22. The old vCenter was running MS SQL Express but you are building 10 ESXi hosts. What’s the difference between using MS SQL Server Express and MS SQL Server for vCenter?
Answer: MS SQL Server Express is for vSphere installations with up to 5 ESXi hosts and 50 virtual servers.
23. Your new boss doesn’t like MS SQL and asked you to use Oracle. Does vCenter support Oracle 11g or 12C?
Answer: Yes, but the JDBC driver must be installed manually.
The page https://pubs.vmware.com/vsphere-60/index.jsp?topic=%2Fcom.vmware.vsphere.upgrade.doc%2FGUID-2F1D0E79-52C4-4DC2-AF01-11564207FBE1.html says:
Each vCenter Server instance must have its own database. For environments with up to 20 hosts and 200 virtual machines, you can use the bundled PostgreSQL database that the vCenter Server installer can install and set up for you during the vCenter Server installation. A larger installation requires a supported external database for the size of the environment.
During vCenter Server installation or upgrade, you must select to install the embedded database or point the vCenter Server system to any existing supported database. vCenter Server supports Oracle and Microsoft SQL Server databases. For information about supported database server versions, see the VMware Product Interoperability Matrix at http://www.vmware.com/resources/compatibility/sim/interop_matrix.php.
Each vCenter Server instance must have its own database. For environments with up to 20 hosts and 200 virtual machines, you can use the bundled PostgreSQL database that the vCenter Server installer can install and set up for you during the vCenter Server installation. A larger installation requires a supported external database for the size of the environment.
During vCenter Server installation or upgrade, you must select to install the embedded database or point the vCenter Server system to any existing supported database. vCenter Server supports Oracle and Microsoft SQL Server databases.
24. You’ve learned over the years there’s more to vSphere than server hardware. What other 2 resources are just as important as servers and need to be properly planned out when designing and building a vSphere Cloud?
Answer: Storage and network resources are crucial for all vSphere Clouds.
25. VMware vSphere give you options. What are the 4 typical ways storage can be added to a vSphere?
Answer: Storage can be added via iSCSI, FC, NFS and local disk (including DAS).
26. When setting up a new datastore how many VMFS file systems should be created per LUN?
Answer: The best practice is to only create 1 VMFS file system per LUN.
27. What is the best plan for a storage failure that impacts multiple datastores?
Answer: Always have a backup of the VMs on a separate storage environment that can be used to restore the lost virtual servers.
28. Your host is a beast, dual socket with 8 core CPUs and 192 GB of memory. How many virtual servers can be added to a 1TB datastore?
Answer: It depends on the size of the VMs and the performance of the storage. Higher performing storage can be filled to capacity but space should be left for data growth and snapshots. A datastore should never be allowed to fill up 100%.
29. This is a tough VMware interview question created just for you. Name 4 things that happen on the VMkernel networking layer?
Answer: vMotion, IP storage (iSCSI/NFS), Fault Tolerance and Virtual SAN. Management.
30. What are 2 ways a vSphere admin can separate traffic from distinct environments (ex. Production and test) on the same hosts.
Answer: Either by creating separate vSwitches using dedicated NICs or if NICs are not available by creating separate port groups using different VLAN IDs on the same vSwitch.
31. True or false. A Distributed Virtual Switch is very much like a physical switch that detects which VMs are logically connects to each port and uses that information to forward network traffic. Hint: It is not used for monitoring and administration across a datacenter.
Answer: False. A Distributed Virtual Switch acts as a single switch across all hosts in a datacenter to provide centralized provisioning, administration, and monitoring of virtual networks.
32. Another True or false. NIC teams are “normally” put in active/active mode to allow fail-over in the event of a hardware failure.
Answer: False again. NIC teams are normally put in active/standby mode to allow fail-over in the event of a hardware failure. You can use active/active but this would not be standard and would require port channeling at the physical switch.
33. How many physical NICs are needed in an ESXi hosts for hosting 25 virtual servers on iSCSI storage split between 2 diverse environments (web/app).
Answer: The answer is purely subjective. It depends on how much separation is needed for performance and the level of redundancy built into the design for hardware failure. At minimum, maybe 2 (1 for (Production-) data and 1 for VMkernel) but more should be used.
3x. Another True or false. NIC teams are “normally” put in active/active mode to allow fail-over in the event of a hardware failure.
Answer: False again. NIC teams are normally put in active/standby mode to allow fail-over in the event of a hardware failure. You can use active/active but this would not be standard and would require port channeling at the physical switch.
34. What are the devices that can be added while the virtual Machine running
In vSphere 6.0 ???
34. What are the files that make a Virtual Machine ?
.vmx - Virtual Machine Configuration File .nvram - Virtual Machine BIOS .vmdk - Virtual Machine Disk file .vswp - Virtual Machine Swap File .vmsd - Virtual MAchine Snapshot Database .vmsn - Virtual Machine Snapshot file .vmss - Virtual Machine Suspended State file .vmware.log - Current Log File .vmware-#.log - Old Log file
35. What are the devices that can be added while the virtual Machine running
In vSphere 6.0 ???
36. What is a template?
We can convert a VM into Template, and it cannot be powered on once its changed to template. This is used to quick provisioning of VM's.
38. What to do to customize the linux/unix virtual machine clone,?
vCenter itself includes the customization tools, as these operating systems are available as open source.
39. Does cloning from template happens between two datacenters ?
Yes.. it can, if the template in one datacenter, we can deploy the vm from that template in another datacenter without any problem.
40. What are the common issues with snapshots? What stops from taking a snapshot and how to fix it ?
Explain the diffent types of Raw Device Mapping (RDM) and the implications on snapshots...
42. What are the requirements for Converting a Physical machine to VM ?
- An agent needs to be installed on the Physical machine
- VI client needs to be installed with Converter Plug-in
- A server to import/export virtual machines
Formerly known as P2V (Physical to Virtual)
43. What is (VMware) Data Protection ?
45. How to setup the time delay for BIOS screen for a Virtual Machine (VM) ?
To make these changes using the graphical interface:
- Connect to vCenter Server/VirtualCenter using the VMware Infrastructure/vSphere Client.
- Right-click on the virtual machine you want to edit in the Inventory view.
- Click Edit Settings > Options > Boot Options.
- Set the Power-on Boot Delay or select Force BIOS Setup.
48. What is the command to restart the SSH service in ESXi ?
service sshd restart
49. What is the command to restart the host agent (vmware hostd) on a ESXi server?
service mgmt-vmware restart
51. To start the scripted install the command is
esx ks=nfs:188.8.131.52:/data/KS.config ksdevice=eth0
location device name
52. What are the three port groups present in ESXi server networking?
1. Virtual Machine Port Group - Used for Virtual Machine Network 2. Service Console Port Group - Used for Service Console Communications 3. VMKernel Port Group - Used for VMotion, iSCSI, NFS Communications
53. What is the use of a Port Group?
The port group segregates the type of communication.
54. BAD question
55. How does "the Virtual Machine Port group" communication works ?
- Explain PortGroup -> vSwitch -> Physical NIC communication
- Explain QoS parameters confgured per port-group, etc etc
56. a/ What is a VLAN ?
b/ Does the vSwitches support VLAN Tagging? Why?
a/ A VLAN is a logical configuration on the switch port to segment the IP Traffic. For this to happen, the port must be trunked with the correct VLAN ID.
b/ Yes, The vSwitches support VLAN Tagging, otherwise if the virtual machines in an esx host are connected to different VLANS, we need to install a separate physical nic (vSwitch) for every VLAN. That is the reason vmware included the VLAN tagging for vSwitches. So every vSwitch supports upto 1016 ports,
BTW a vSwitch can support 1016 VLANS if needed, but does an ESXi server support that many VM's ???
57. What is Promiscuous Mode on vSwitch ? What happens if it sets to Accept?
If the promiscuous mode set to Accept, all the communication is visible to all the virtual machines, in other words all the packets are sent to all the ports on vSwitch
58. What is MAC address Changes ? What happens if it is set to Accept ?
When we create a virtual machine the configuration wizard generates a MAC address for that machine, you can see it in the .vmx (VM Config) file. If it doesn't matches with the MAC address in the OS this setting does not allow incoming traffic to the VM. So by setting Reject Option both MAC addresses will be remains same, and the incoming traffic will be allowed to the VM.
Are there other uses of "Mac Address Change"
59. What is Forged Transmits ? What happens if it is set to Accept ?
When we create a virtual machine the configuration wizard generates a MAC address for that machine, you can see it in the .vmx (VM Config) file. If it doesn't matches with the MAC address in the OS this setting does not allow outgoing traffic from the VM. So by setting Reject Option both MAC addresses will be remains same, and the outgoing traffic will be allowed from the VM.
Are there other uses of "Forged Transmits" (Packet generators ??)
60. What are the core services of VC ?
VM provisioning , Task Scheduling and Event Logging